Chewing is an instinctive behavior for all dogs. It develops the powerful neck and jaw muscles that predators need to capture and kill their prey. It also fights plaque, keeps teeth and gums clean, provides mental stimulation and relieves boredom and frustration. Watching a dog in a state of blissful chewing pleasure shows how important it is to his well-being. Some dogs have far stronger chew drives than others, and “power chewers” need safe, long-lasting chews as an outlet to avoid destructive behaviors. Other dogs seem to lose the urge when they reach adulthood, or will only chew on a few favorite things. Whatever your dog’s level of interest, there’s a recreational chew that will satisfy. 


Puppies love to chew


Puppies chew to relieve the discomfort of teething, from around 3 to 8 months of age when their adult teeth are erupting. They also use their mouths to explore the world around them, and will pick up almost anything and chew on it! Give them many different kinds and textures of chews, and keep extras on hand to substitute when they pick up a forbidden object. Frozen bones or rope toys that have been soaked in water and then frozen will provide cooling relief when teething.


Chewing Safety

Always supervise your dog’s chewing activities, especially if he’s a strong and persistent chewer. Choking is the main hazard, so choose appropriate sized chews that are too large to swallow whole. Be vigilant about noticing if your dog is breaking off large pieces that might get swallowed or stuck in the throat and take away anything that’s been chewed down to a nub. Older dogs may still have a strong desire, but their teeth become more brittle with age, and a softer chew could help prevent a broken tooth. A few dogs are “gulpers”, indiscriminately grabbing and swallowing toys, socks or whatever they find, and need to be monitored closely because indigestible items can create an intestinal blockage. Fortunately, most dogs who love to chew do so without any harmful consequences.

Digestible ‘Body Part’ Chews

In this category are all the long-lasting bully sticks, (straight, braided, curled or shaped), different kinds of tendons, tracheas, gullets, tripe and other body parts. While they often have a gamey smell, they make excellent high-protein, low-fat treats that a dog can safely consume. Tracheas and gullets are full of joint-building cartilage, great for senior and arthritis-prone breeds. Dogs who are sensitive to beef have lamb, venison or pork choices in various body parts. There are even fish skin chews, a hard yak cheese chew and dried sweet potato chews that can help control your dog’s gas and firm up his stool.

Long-lasting Chews for Aggressive Chewers

The hardest and longest lasting chews are antlers and thick-walled weight-bearing bones that have been slow-cooked or smoked. Dogs will scrape away at them with their teeth and ingest the mineral-laden scrapings, but antlers and large bones are not consumable. Deer antlers are quite dense and hard, while elk antlers are slightly softer and spongier on the inside. Split elk antlers allow dogs to get at the fragrant marrow-like interior, but super chewers will be safer with un-split pieces. If the antlers dry out and lose their flavor, soaking in chicken broth or smearing on a little canned food or coconut oil can renew their appeal. Bully horns, from water buffalo, are another tough chew but stick to the thick pieces because chunks can peel off and become a concern.

Frozen Raw Bones – Nature’s Best Chews


We’ve been warned so often about the hazards of giving bones to dogs that it’s revolutionary to discover there are many bones that dogs regularly chew and eat without ill effect. Many cooked bones, especially long poultry bones, will dry out and tend to splinter when chewed, but raw bones are more supple and can be safely gnawed and consumed. Hard weight-bearing bones from beef or buffalo are called recreational bones and they keep your dog busy for a long time. Meaty parts like turkey necks or poultry wings are meal replacement bones that do double duty as both chew and food. They have great nutritional value, with high quality proteins and fats, lots of connective tissue and a wonderful array of fat-soluble vitamins and essential minerals.  Pathogens like salmonella and other bacteria are not usually a problem for dogs because of their strong digestive juices, but immune compromised humans should exercise caution. If your dog is new to raw bones, start slowly to avoid digestive upset. Vomiting or having odd-looking stools is not uncommon the first time or two. 



Bullies and other Tendons


• Bully sticks are made from bull pizzles that have been stretched and dried
• Completely digestible and safe for dogs
• High protein, low fat, long-lasting chews help keep teeth clean
• Bullies come in many thicknesses, shapes and qualities, including “low odor”
• Other tendon chews include tracheas, esophagus, tripe and achilles tendons


Deer Antlers

Farmed from free-range grass-fed stock


• Very dense and hard, good for the heaviest chewers
• Exceptionally long-lasting and good for dogs who can’t have beef
• Not recommended for older dogs at risk for cracked teeth
• North American antlers are naturally shed and gathered from the forest
• New Zealand antlers are farmed from free-range deer raised for meat


Elk Antlers


• Elk antlers are slightly less dense and spongier than deer
• Preferred over deer antlers for moderate chewers or puppies and seniors
• Split elk antlers are cut to allow access to the marrow-like interior
• North American elk antlers are naturally shed and gathered in the forest


Raw Marrow Bones


• Hard beef or buffalo femur sections with delicious fatty marrow
• Valuable source of good fats, fat-soluble vitamins and minerals
• Marrow is “brain food” for puppies; full of immune enhancing nutrients
• May be too rich for dogs with sensitive digestion or at risk for pancreatitis
• May be too hard for older dogs in danger of broken teeth
• Choose the appropriate size for your dog – large, small or mini
• Scoop out the marrow your dog can’t reach for a special treat.
• Discard when bone is stripped and empty


Raw Knuckle Bones

Helps dogs avoid constipation and anal gland issues

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• Softer than marrow bones and completely consumable, from USDA beef or buffalo
• Less fatty than marrow bones, better for sensitive digestion or weight issues
• With tendons and ligaments to clean and floss teeth and freshen breath
• Can be consumed completely, including cartilage and soft tissue
• Great for puppies; good source of minerals and bone-building nutrition
• Great for senior dogs; helps replenish joint nutrients
• Helps dogs avoid anal gland issues


Beef Knee Caps



• Meatier than marrow or knuckle bones, with connective tissue and little fat
• Rounded surface is good for scraping and grinding against teeth
• Raw knee caps are completely digestible, and no sharp edges
• Suitable for all breeds and sizes of dog


Beef and Buffalo Rib Bones


• Rib bones are more easily chewed up than hard weight-bearing bones
• Considered best for light to medium chewers, or smaller dogs
• Dogs enjoy holding a rib between their paws as they gnaw
• Raw ribs are completely consumable, but watch for gulping of large pieces


Raw Turkey Necks

Skinless turkey necks make a good high-protein, low-fat meal

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• Skinless turkey necks make a good high-protein, low-fat meal
• Gnawing through the neck cleans teeth and slows down eating process
• Neck bones are soft, digestible and provide easily absorbed minerals
• Digested bone residue can make chalky crumbly stools, which are normal
• Similar to other bony poultry parts like backs, wings and frames


Lamb Femur Bones

Meaty bones are grass-fed and human-grade from New Zealand


• Our lamb bones are grass-fed and human-grade from New Zealand
• Softer than beef or buffalo, good for moderate chewers only
• Femurs contain both marrow and connective tissue from knuckle end
• Good for dogs who can’t have beef or buffalo

Bully Horns


• From free-range Water Buffalo in India
• Softer than antlers, with a unique smell that attracts most dogs
• Size appropriately for your dog, and remove if horn peels excessively

Yak Cheese Chews


• An exceptionally chewy cheese made of yak and cow milk, salt and lime juice
• From an ancient Himalayan method of naturally preserving food
• A dog must spend hours chewing to soften a small piece for eating
• End pieces that are too small to chew will puff up when microwaved for 30 seconds

Ruff Roots


• A unique plant-based chew; durable and non-toxic
• Sustainably harvested from the roots of shrubs in southern Spain
• Great for dogs that chew on furniture or wooden objects
• Contains tannins that deter dogs from over chewing